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Though All Things Differ  

Though All Things Differ. Pluralism as a Basis for Cooperation in Forests

This guide is about how to meet the needs of different groups in forests, especially where they conflict. As the world?s forests continue to decline in area and quality, clashes are rising. Loggers, miners, farmers, plantation managers, hunters, trekkers, conservationists, scientists, educators, indigenous people, mushroom collectors, water bottlers and global carbon traders all want their share of the forest. These different groups often have their own rules, agencies and authorities for making decisions, or bring different types of knowledge, perceptions and skills to how they use the forest. . Three challenges arise from these differences:[ How can people manage the resulting disagreements and conflicts? How can people co-ordinate among themselves to meet a coherent set of objectives for managing a forest and generate synergy? How can the views and institutions of the less powerful be taken into account in a just manner?] An exciting collection of approaches have been developed to meet the challenges- including legal pluralism, social learning, multistakeholder processes, co-management of forests, teamwork, and conflict management. The approaches examine people?s culture, identity, law, livelihoods, institutions, values and interests to understand differences among groups and then build a basis for cooperation or linking groups. Knowing and respecting differences becomes a foundation for developing the networks, trust and mutual understanding necessary for people to act together, whether to manage a forest or generate a social movement. Some approaches are used in government policy, while others are facilitated outside of government. Each reflects to differing degrees the principle of pluralism, to recognize different peoples? values, interests, identities, institutions or practices as legitimate and autonomous, while facilitating people to work together in a coherent, mutually beneficial way.


Uploaded on: Mar 2007
File size: 2 MB - Language: English
Keyword(s): Forestry
Category: Environment

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