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Study on Land Allocation to Individual Households in Rural Areas of Lao PDR  

Study on Land Allocation to Individual Households in Rural Areas of Lao PDR

In the present study land allocation in rural areas of Lao PDR was investigated by a team of national consultants supported by two international consultants in 3 provinces (Savannakhet, Bokeo and Luang Namtha). Interviews in preparation of this study were conducted with experts at national level as well as provincial and district authorities and line agencies. In 6 villages the study team met with village chiefs and village committees who gave an account of the land allocation and land management situation in their villages. Finally, 36 randomly selected households were interviewed in the six villages concerning their land use and land tenure situation. . The legal framework for land use planning and land allocation (LUP/LA) in Lao PDR has been analyzed based on the relevant laws. A national LUP/LA program under the overall responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has been created in 1996. Until 2003, district agricultural and forestry staff have conducted LUP/LA activities in a total of 5400 villages in all provinces of Lao PDR. It is estimated that approximately 300.000 Temporary Land Use Certificates have been issued as a result of LUP/LA. The recent creation of the National Land Management Agency (NLMA) as a central agency in charge of all issues relating to land management and administration by emerging the former DoNLUPAD, the Department of Lands and the housing and state land section of State Asset Department requires a review of tasks and responsibilities also with regard to the LUP/LA activities. . In the past four years several authors and organizations have attempted to analyze the main impacts of the LUP/LA program on rural livelihoods and the environment. It is reported that in general, LUP/LA has been beneficial in the delineation of village boundaries and resource use zones, has helped to reduce land conflicts and improve forest protection. On the other hand, land allocation has lead to a reduction of agricultural and forest use area available to the households living in upland areas. In numerous cases this has resulted in decreased yields and insecure livelihoods. The results of this study confirm most of the impacts identified during previous surveys. . Based on the detailed analysis of the present situation of land allocation and land registration in rural areas, the study team draws conclusions and recommendations referring to procedures and formalities of land allocation and land use planning, the institutional frame conditions as well as management of land information.


Uploaded on: Feb 2006
File size: 2.2 MB - Language: English
Keyword(s): Land Tenure/Allocation , Natural Resources Management
Category: Environment

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