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Women in Land Tenurial Conflict in the Halimun Ecosystem: The Invisible Subject in Local Struggle.  

Women in Land Tenurial Conflict in the Halimun Ecosystem: The Invisible Subject in Local Struggle.

The capitalist economy has been dominating the ecological, social and cultural aspects of local peoples' life. The truth of this opinion can be looked at nearby Jakarta (the capital of Indonesia), which is the Halimun ecosystem covering Bogor, Sukabumi and Lebak Districts, at two provinces, West Java and Banten. In the name of development, particularly in the upstream areas, local people have been confronted with state and private plantation companies, state-owned forestry company (named as PERUM PERHUTANI Unit III), state-owned mining company (named as PT. Aneka Tambang) and Gunung Halimun - Salak National Park. As a result, local people, including the Kasepuhan people (one of indigenous people in West Java and Banten Provinces), women and men, have lost their majority of access to land and other natural resources needed for food, medicine and also for their spiritual life. Meanwhile, at the state level, the marginalization of the majority of people in Halimun, especially women, has not been taken account in substance formulation, planning and implementing forestry, conservation and agrarian policies - a fact which shows that the paradigm of state control (Hak Menguasai oleh Negara) is still strong. . This paper is aimed to present a piece of tenurial conflict over land and natural resources, particularly from the aspect of the women peasants' initiative in tenurial conflict solving at Malasari Village, Nanggung Sub-district, Bogor District, West Java Province, located in Halimun ecosystem. . A change in control over and access to land and forest resources from the local peoples to outsiders - plantation companies, PERUM PERHUTANI Unit III and PT Aneka Tambang - in the Halimun forest ecosystem, followed by massive scale exploitation, has been causing ecosystem destruction in the upstream areas, drought, infertile land, landslides and outbreaks of existing and new pests. For women peasants, who provide food to sustain their households, this has meant additional work. Aware of this, women in Kampung (hamlet) Nyungcung have started to empower themselves by learning together, to initiate efforts to restore the damaged ecosystem, named as Kampung dengan Tujuan Konservasi or Hamlet with Designation of Conservation. In the context of promotion and negotiation process between community and the government as well as others to gain public support, assert elements of basic rights, and secure the community's genuine benefits from the presence of others (the National Park, PERUM PERHUTANI, PT. Aneka Tambang), this initiative is learned on how women peasant involve so far. The current fact is that women peasants do not actively participate as much as before. The "belief" and "obligation" of being good housewife pull them out from the further process of this initiative.


Uploaded on: Jul 2007
File size: 242 KB - Language: English
Keyword(s): Natural Resources Management
Category: Environment

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